#1 Must-Have Assistive Tech for Back to School

For educators, Back to School means getting to know a new group of students as individuals and learners. Knowing a learner impacts teacher instruction, content, and support to maximize student success. This is no easy task considering each student has a different learning path and have both skills that they have mastered and ones still needed. As a student progresses throughout the grades it becomes more difficult for educators to access differentiated material and textbooks to support the needs of all learners. Consider this, how many textbooks in MS and HS come in multiple accessibility-levels or languages?

For many, the answer is ZERO. That is why it is imperative for all teachers and students to be aware of the tools and resources available to support learning. In the broad sense of the definition, assistive technology is any tool, program, or resource that helps people with disabilities work around challenges they may face so that they may learn, communicate, and function better. All of this while working towards independence. (Understood.org)  

And while not all teachers specialize in assistive technology, all educators should be aware of possible resources to use when it comes to providing accessible and inclusive learning environments. 

My #1 Recommendation for Back to School Assistive Tech is… Immersive Reader.

Immersive Reader is a free Microsoft Learning Tool that implements proven techniques to improve reading and writing for people, regardless of their age or ability. Think of it as a way to customize reading experiences based on need or preference. 

Not only should every educator be aware of Immersive Reader, but should also take time to model it in the classroom so that all students are exposed to this resource. Here are 5 Hidden Gems of Immersive Reader:

  1. Free and in the cloud – Immersive Reader is FREE. And just like most Microsoft products, it is available in the cloud, meaning, you can use Immersive Reader on any device! A Surface Tablet, Chromebook, Macbook, iPad… you get the point. The device or browser does not matter. You may teach in a school with a Google domain, outfitted with Macbooks, fine, do what’s best for kids, not brands! Make learning and text accessible with Microsoft’s Immersive Reader. 
  2. Bilingual documents and text – How many educators work in an environment with learners who are bilingual? English Learners? A more interesting question to pose may be, How many of us work in a school where there are NO ELLs? All of our students are English – speaking learners? The only language spoken at home or outside of school is English? Classrooms around the country not only have English Learners but these students also have multiple native languages. Immersive Reader provides real-time translation in over 60 languages (additions made frequently) and also has the ability for the user to continuously flip between the original text and the translated version. And why stop at students? Use Immersive reader to support school to home communication as well and provide accessible information to all. 
  3. Picture Dictionary – Along with the ability for real-time translation to create accessible text, Immersive Reader provides users with a Picture Dictionary. Not only are pictures included for words users select, but audio let’s students hear the pronunciation as well. And if the document is translated into a different language, the built-in dictionary includes the picture, audio for pronunciation, and translation in both languages simultaneously!  undefined
  4. Line Focus and Parts of Speech – Immersive Reader includes many options for readers to customize their experience. The best way to learn about these options is to dive in and test it out yourself but two of my favorites are Line Focus and Parts of Speech. Line Focus is perfect for students who have visual or attention difficulties. Choose from single-line view or a 3-line view to highlight the text as you read. Line Focus provides less distraction and more focus. To support language learning and comprehension, another Immersive Reader option is the ability to label parts of speech within the text. Students can now visually see by both color and label if the word is a noun, verb, etc.  Knowing the parts of speech helps with comprehension and allows students to learn language independently. undefined undefined
  5.  Integration with apps – In true alignment to the Microsoft Mission: to empower every person and every organization on the planet to achieve more. Immersive Reader is now available to be added by third-party apps and partners. The first wave of partners include Buncee,Follett, JogNog,Kortext, Mindsets Learning, MyDay,Nearpod, OhBot, Oxford University Press,PowerSchool, SiLAS,Skooler,Squigl, ThingLink, Wakelet, Flipgrid. Inclusion and accessibility integration has provided even more students the ability to use Immersive Reader in more places!

Immersive Reader is my #1 Must-Have Back to School Assistive Technology recommendation for 2019. Immersive Reader is perfect across all disciplines and grade-levels because of the various options to customize one’s reading experience. It not only empowers learners with dyslexia, ADHD, emerging readers, non-native speakers, and people with visual impairments; but helps ALL students.

Want to dive in more? Reach out to me in the comments section below and check out this  Wakelet collection via Mike Tholfsen

Affinity Spaces: What Video Games and Virtual PLNs Can Teach Educators About Informal Learning

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On any given night, you can find my children (grades 5 & 9) along with millions of others, playing video games. From Fortnite, to Minecraft, to Roblox; many hours are logged in these virtual spaces playing… and also learning. The learning taking place is not necessarily organized by specific disciplines but instead, a collective intelligence which blends content knowledge, creative problem solving, design thinking, along with collaborating and communicating with peers around the globe.

This informal learning is similar to my own when I think about jumping on Twitter to connect, consume, and share with other passionate educators, my virtual PLN. So what can we learn from video games, #EdChat, and other virtual spaces? All of these spaces include similar characteristics that James Paul Gee calls Affinity Spaces. While technology has led to an explosion of these spaces, they are possible to replicate face to face although it is difficult because, “institutional constraints, pre-existing status, geographical boundaries. A Classroom where students did not choose to be there and the teacher grades everyone.”

As educators, the goal is not for everyone to use video games in the classroom, but instead, understand the features of Affinity Spaces and work towards creating similar conditions in our classroom.

 15 Features of Affinity Spaces (by Gee)

  1. Organized around a common passion – A common passion, not race, gender, or socioeconomics, is primary and respected by all in the space.
  2. Not segregated by age – Older people can be beginners and younger people can be veterans. Passion, skill, and learning are respected
  3. Common space shared by all (Newbies, Veterans, Masters, etc.) – Everyone is accommodated in the same space. Newbies are not segregated from those that are considered masters of the game.
  4. Everyone can consume and create – Affinity spaces allow everyone to consume not only game-based creations but those created by players in the space. Consuming and creating are encouraged to allow everyone to build if they choose to.
  5. Content is transformed through interaction – The content is not fixed and constantly is transformed through interaction.
  6. Development and pooled broad, general knowledge as well as specialists – People are enabled to create and share knowledge and skill within the space.
  7. Individual and distributed knowledge encouraged – People are enabled to gain individual knowledge and share and spread specialized knowledge.
  8. Use of dispersed knowledge is encouraged (hacking and smashing to gain the desired product) The use of onsite and outside resources and tools is encouraged and supported to gain the creations people seek.
  9. Tacit knowledge is used and honored – Affinity spaces support people to learn by doing rather than memorizing tutorials or reading lengthy directions.
  10. Many different ways to participate – Participation in the space is varied and on multiple levels.
  11. Multiple ways to gain status – People can gain status, if they want to, in many different ways.
  12. Leadership is porous and leaders are resources – There are no bosses. People can be both leaders and followers.
  13. Roles are reciprocal – People sometimes lead, sometimes follow; mentor or be mentored; ask questions or answer them. The bottom line is there is always more to learn.
  14. Learning is individually proactive -Affinity spaces view failure as a means to success. Help is available, but individuals are still responsible for own learning.
  15. Encouragement from audience and feedback from peers – Feedback is welcomed from others interacting with your creations, while peers play an important role in providing critical advice to move individuals forward.

While all of these features are not required, an Affinity Space has most of these features. And upon reflection, most of the popular video games that our students play have these features. That is why we have students, and in my case children, who play hours on end. I, too, see some of these features in the spaces I spend my time as an educator. It is time to pay attention to attributes that make this type of learning successful for students and ask ourselves how these features can be reimagined in our own classrooms. Education is not merely producing consumers but those that can create and produce for the betterment of their space.

Source: Gee, James Paul. Literacy and Education. New York: Routledge, 2015.

Assistive Technology to Support Struggling Readers Including Dyslexia: Microsoft Learning Tools for the Win!

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As one whose passion is blended between literacy and technology, I seek out the best EdTech resources to share with educators to support literacy in their classrooms. Most of my teaching and learning experience involves both Google and Apple options, but recent investigation and application allow me to say, without a doubt, in the area of Assistive Technology to support struggling readers in the classroom, Microsoft Learning Tools wins, hands down, and offers students a comprehensive option.

Adolescents who struggle with reading face multiple challenges throughout the school day. They are constantly confronted with a text they cannot read in almost every discipline, motivation and peer acceptance play a major role in identity and self-esteem, diagnostic tools to pinpoint exact deficits are difficult to locate, and many of their teachers have had little to no training in foundational skills of reading. While many adolescent readers may have difficulty in comprehension and vocabulary, a rising number of older students are diagnosed with Dyslexia and experience decoding issues.

Dyslexia is not a visual issue; kids don’t see letters and words backward or in reverse. Dyslexia is a specific learning disability in reading; which impacts learning, not intelligence. It’s mainly a problem in reading accurately and fluently.  Decoding issues are a sign of dyslexia and direct instruction beginning with letter-sound correlation is often needed, but there are immediate things all teachers can do to help students, even if they have no understanding of how to teach phonological awareness, phonics, and fluency. This support can come in the form of Assistive Technology. “In a broad sense, assistive technology (AT) is any device, piece of equipment or system that helps a person with a disability work around his challenges so he can learn, communicate or simply function better.” (Understood.org)

As previously stated, I believe that Microsoft Learning Tools provides students who struggle with reading, including those with dyslexia, a comprehensive set of free tools to support their daily literacy needs. If the goal of AT is to provide students tools for independence, I recommend all teachers become familiar with the top 5 ways I see these tools helping students:

  1. Text to Speech – Text to Speech provides both the visual and audio needed to support fluent readers. By seeing the words and hearing it read aloud, students are not only able to access text that may have been too difficult to read independently but are reinforcing vocabulary and fluency.
  2. Display Controls – Display Controls allow students to customize their reading experience by font, size, color, and language. But, Microsoft Learning Tools takes it a step further, allowing students options with spacing, syllables, and parts of speech.  There is also an option to mask part of the screen minimizing distractions and focusing on the line read. (Slideshow below highlights options available)

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  3. Annotation Tools – Many struggling readers often use all of their cognitive energy decoding text and can’t remember what they had just read. Annotation tools allow students to take notes as they read. simply by switching browsers, students can use Microsoft Edge to annotate and save images directly from web pages into their OneNote Notebook. While there are many annotation tools out there, this one was so simple, streamlined and provided many annotation options! Plus…
  4. Optical Character Recognition – Microsoft also allows students to the option to capture text from pictures and pdf when shared to OneNote. So not only can students annotate digital text, they can save their notes, share them, and then extract the text in the image to customize with text to speech or display controls.
  5. Dictionary – Finally, Microsoft Learning Tools allows students to learn unfamiliar words with the built-in dictionary. Not only does the dictionary define the word, but it also provides a picture and an audio clip to hear the word.

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All students should have the tools and resources needed to access content in the classroom. Microsoft Learning Tools allows students to not only access information but provides customization, annotation tools, OCR, and a visual and audio dictionary for FREE. The beauty of these Learning Tools is the ease and compatibility they have to work together. Supporting struggling readers in multiple areas not only supports their literacy development but provide options for future learning that they do in and out of school.