I am excited to share this post which was co-authored with my friend, Steven Anderson @web20classroom. It is sponsored by ThinkCERCA, an online platform designed to empower teachers to personalize literacy instruction across disciplines.
There has been no greater impact on differentiation and student achievement in recent years than the effective integration of technology in the classroom. Traditionally, literacy educators spent long hours gathering resources, developing tasks and extensions, and reading and analyzing assessment to determine if the instruction was meeting the needs of students. Now imagine doing this same routine 3 or 4 times over to cover all Lexile levels in one classroom; exhausting. Technology has not only provided text access at students’ differing instructional levels, but has streamlined formative assessment, and has given back precious time to teachers to work with small groups and individuals.
The most effective blended learning model that literacy classrooms can utilize to meet the needs of all readers is the “Rotation Model” in which online engagement is embedded within a range of face-to-face forms of instruction. While this blended environment could look many different ways, we believe that the workshop framework provides the instructional vehicle that makes differentiation most successful. Technology or a blended model is not a component of the workshop framework, but utilized by a skilled workshop teacher, platforms such a ThinkCERCA, and an understanding of each student as a reader is when achievement is maximized.
In a workshop framework, there are 3 main components: Mini-lesson, Independent Practice, and the Share. The mini-lesson is whole group instruction. The teacher targets a learning objective, models it with a mentor text, actively engages the students in similar work, and then sends them on their way to apply the new learning to their own independent books. It is during the independent time that teachers experience the greatest challenges as well as the largest gains made by their young readers in the form of conferring. At the end of the time, the whole class is once again gathered to partner share or large group share out the important work they did during the day.
The question we often receive is centered around the Independent Practice. Teachers witness the benefits of small group instruction but are less certain about the learning taking place by the rest of the class. While there are many different ways to implement and manage independent routines, it is here where technology can best support young readers. During the independent time, centers are one way to keep students learning, not just completing busy work. Literacy Centers, infused with a blended environment is an example of rotation model at it’s best.
- Student-centered, active inquiry, open-ended
- Purpose is to learn, offering opportunities for a variety of levels
- Center should be applicable to what you are teaching and what students are learning
- Established routines, organized materials, and dedicated space
|Centers for the Early Grades||Centers for the Intermediate Grades|
|Independent Reading||***accessible text at independent reading level, epubs, books and articles online||Independent Reading with Reader’s Notebook||***accessible text at independent reading level, epubs, books and articles online, digital reader’s notebook|
|Listening Center||***tablets, laptops, ipads, ipods||Multimodal Center||***devices and examples on one topic in multiple modes, consumption, and creation|
|Word Work||***active, and able to manipulate like a drag and drop option, text to speech, videos, word games||Beautiful Lines, Interesting Words, Author’s Craft||***accessible poems online, apps, resources, tools, publishing and sharing platforms|
|Writing Center||***comprehension checks, graphic organizers, student-created graphic organizers, video and audio, publishing and sharing platforms||Writing Center||***comprehension checks, graphic organizers, student-created graphic organizers, blogs, video and audio, publishing and sharing platforms|
|Wonder Center||***Virtual Reality, Videos, Infographics||Wonder Center||***Virtual Reality, Videos, Infographics|
|Poetry Center||***accessible poems online, apps, resources, tools, publishing and sharing platforms||Book Clubs, Literature Discussions||***accessible text, discussion forums, real-time chats and video options|
|Partner Center||***accessible text, audio and video||Drama Center (Reader’s Theater, plays, speeches)||***accessible material, video examples, clips, video and audio recording capabilities, publishing and sharing platforms|
*** Technology Integration Ideas to Consider
Managing independent time in the literacy classroom is an area that teachers must address directly. Independent time, centers, or stations should not be busy work or only used sporadically. It does not have to be an either/or in regards to technology, instead, it is BOTH and supports students with all types of reading and writing they will consume and create in their lifetime. It is a time for students to take ownership in their own learning. Integrating technology into independent time routines or centers is advantageous for both students and teachers and help to move all readers forward.
Want to learn more? Check out the Administrator Guide to Personalizing Literacy Through Blended Learning from ThinkCERCA! There is also a great webinar on crafting Scalable Blended Literacy Programs worth a watch as well.
Blended Learning Models (Friesen, 2012)
Guided Reading, Fountas & Pinnell
Shaelynn Farnsworth is a Digital Literacy Expert in the Iowa. You can follow her on Twitter @shfarnsworth
Steven W. Anderson is a Digital Teaching and Relationship Evangelist. You can follow him on Twitter @web20classroom.